性狀: 無色重質液體，遇光、空氣中放置易變黃，碘苯有特殊氣味，溶于醇、醚、苯氯仿、不溶于水。密度1.82，熔点 -29℃，沸點188℃，折射率1.618-1.62，閃點74℃，不溶于水。
含量 % ≥ 98.5 ≥ 97.0
密度（ ρ ） g/mL 1.820-1.830 1.810-1.832
折光率（ n２０Ｄ ） 1.620-1.622 1.619-1.623
Physical and Chemical Properties
【Appearance】Clear brown to yellow brown liquid. Benzene-like odor.
【Solubility in water】Insoluble
【Heat Of Vaporization】42.1 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】-3227 kJ/mol
【Usage】Useful as a synthetic intermediate in organic chemistry.
【Refractive Index】1.621 (20 C)
First Aid Measures
【Ingestion】Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
【Skin】Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. If irritation develops, get medical aid.
Handling and Storage
【Storage】Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from light.
【Handling】Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
【Ingestion】May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May be harmful if swallowed.
【Inhalation】May cause respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】May cause skin irritation.
【Eyes】May cause eye irritation.
【Hazards】During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gasesmay be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
【EC Risk Phrase】R 22
【EC Safety Phrase】S 23 36/37
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
【Personal Protection】Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions. Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Fire Fighting Measures
【Fire Fighting】Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Containers may explode when heated. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers.
Accidental Release Measures
【Small spills/leaks】Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stability and Reactivity
【Stability】Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Decomposition】Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
【HS Code】2903 69 90